A strong explosive eruption took place at Sakurajima volcano, Japan at 20:05 LT (11:05 UTC) on July 24, 2022, prompting the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) to raise the Volcanic Alert Level from 3 to 5 and urge residents living within 3 km (1.8 miles) from the volcano to evacuate.
JMA said the eruption took place at Minamidake crater shortly after 20:00 LT, throwing large volcanic rocks as far as 2.5 km (1.5 miles) away.
While major eruption is not expected, JMA urged some 120 residents living in the danger zone to evacuate.
The agency warned of falling volcanic rocks within 3 km (1.8 miles) from the crater and possible flow of lava, ash and searing gas within 2 kilometers (1.2 miles).1
Locals are advised to pay attention to updates from local authorities.
The video below was captured on July 17:
The Aira caldera in the northern half of Kagoshima Bay contains the post-caldera Sakurajima volcano, one of Japan’s most active. Eruption of the voluminous Ito pyroclastic flow accompanied the formation of the 17 x 23 km (10.5 x 14.3 miles) caldera about 22 000 years ago. The smaller Wakamiko caldera was formed during the early Holocene in the NE corner of the Aira caldera, along with several post-caldera cones.
The construction of Sakurajima began about 13 000 years ago on the southern rim of Aira caldera and built an island that was finally joined to the Osumi Peninsula during the major explosive and effusive eruption of 1914. Activity at the Kitadake summit cone ended about 4 850 years ago, after which eruptions took place at Minamidake.
Frequent historical eruptions, recorded since the 8th century, have deposited ash on Kagoshima, one of Kyushu’s largest cities, located across Kagoshima Bay only 8 km (5 miles) from the summit. The largest historical eruption took place during 1471-76.2
1 Sakurajima volcano activity update – JMA – July 24, 2022
2 Sakurajima – Geological summary – GVP
Featured image credit: JMA
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